Know the names of the phases of mitosis and meiosis. Know what happens in each phase. Know what the cells look like during each phase. Know what homologous chromosomes are.
Know how to draw a Punnett square for crosses between tall and short plants. Know what phenotypes and genotypes are. Know how to determine genotypic and phenotypic ratios.
Know what dominant and recessive is. Know what chromosomes are. Know the number of chromosomes in the human body and in human germ cells. Know what homozygous and heterozygous are. Know what a hybrid is. Know what alleles are. Know what incomplete dominance is and what codominance is. Know how to do the Punnett squares of crosses involving incomplete dominance and codominance.
Know why Gregor Mendel is important to the study of genetics, what he studied and why, and the concepts he contributed to the field of genetics.
Know about sex-linked traits, how to use Punnett Squares for those traits, and the importance of the X and Y chromosomes. Know what autosomes and sex chromosomes are. Know what a karyotype is and how gender of offspring is determined.
Know what a pedigree is. Know what a gene is. Know how evolution occurs at the genetic level.
Be familiar with genetically inherited diseases.
Know what DNA is, what it is made of, and the chemical structure of the molecule. Now where DNA is located in a cell. Know what RNA is and the differences and similarities between DNA and RNA. Know what mRNA is and tRNA. Know the processes of replication, transcription, and translation. Know what nucleotides are, what amino acids are, what a protein is. Know what a codon is. Know who discovered the structure of DNA.
Know what a chromosome is and what a gene is.
Know what cations and anions are. Know what an ionic bond is. Know what a polar bond is. Know what a metallic bond is. Know what a covalent bond is. Know what a single, double, and triple bond is.
Know the structure of the water molecule. Know the structure of an atom. Know how to fill in an atomic structure chart. Know what a negative ion and a positive ion is. Know what a compound is. Know how to draw electron dot structures. Know what a polymer is.
Know what radiation is. Know what radioactivity is. Know what chronic exposure is. Know what acute exposure is. Know what the electromagnetic spectrum is.
Know the different methods of diagnosing illness with radiation and what is invasive and noninvasive. Know what X-rays can pass through. Know what kinds of radiation are used to treat disease.
Define the half-life of a substance. Know the name of the instrument used to detect radiation.
Know background radiation, alpha radiation, beta radiation, gamma radiation. Know what an isotope is. Know what radon is. Know how to balance decay reactions. Know how to calculate a half-life for an element.
Know what a noble gas is. Know the number of bonds Carbon will form and how many bonds Hydrogen will form. Know what kind of information can be found on a periodic table.